Citation aids/copy editing


Dictionaries, glossaries and a thesaurus



Human assistance

Internet Safety/hoax information

Miscellaneous facts/information

Online tools for reference/bibliography

Oral history/human subject research guidelines

Translation help

Writing guides: grammar, style etc.


Locate individuals and send them mail




Copy editing Links from CopyEditor online newsletter

The Slot: A spot for Copy editors: entertaining personal page by a self-described "curmudgeon."

A brief citation guide to internet sources in history and the humanities originally written for H-Africa, based on Turabian's Manual

Citation Styles from the website for Online! A Reference guide to using Internet Sources by Andrew Harnack and Eugene Kleppinger.  Offers information on electronic source citation in both MLA/Chicago and scientific notation styles.

Forms of Citation from the Internet Archaeology Newsletter includes additional references, discussion of citation problems specific to the internet.

Cataloguing Internet Sources: a manual and practical guide. Written by Nancy Olson for OCLC, this manual explains to librarians how to catalogue Internet sources in the same way that they would catalogue books: for example, how to establish title, authors, edititon numbers, physical description, access information, notes, key words, and MARC fields.

Research, Writing and Style Guides from A Research Guide for Students.  Includes APA, MLA, Chicago and several other styles. Recommended

WWW Style Manual from Yale: How to write a website, organize it, select colors, pictures, and layout styles and typefaces.

Electronic References and Scholarly Citations of Internet Sources from the World Wide Web Virtual Library, edited by Anita Greenhill.  A set of links to citation aids, arranged chronologically.


NCSU Libraries Scholarly Communication home page

Copyright FAQ from the Library of Congress

"Copyright and Fair Use" from Stanford Univeristy

Copyright and Intellectual Property links from Voice of the Shuttle

Digital Watermarks: An article explaining the use of digital "watermarks" to protect original works on the WWW from unauthorized appropriation.

Copyright links from Cyndi's list, a major geneaology website

Copyright on the Internet from the Franklin Pierce Law Center. Easy to read discussion of copyright issues specific to the internet such as: Can Websites be copyright? Is it o.k. to forward e-mail?

"Contracts Watch" from the American Society of Journalists and Authors provides freelance authors with information and advice about what rights/protections are included in contracts with various publications.

"Just Can't Hardly Give it Away" Generosity versus Copyright by Carol Ebbinghouse, Western State University College of Law.  A readable, straightforward account of the open-source and free information movements and the problems posed by new copyright laws with many additional sources and references.  Recommended.

Ten Big Myths About Copyright by Brad Templeton.  A very brief and readable summary of the most common copyright issues



Free Online Dictionary of Computing created by Denis Howe.  Can also be downloaded for use when offline.

A Web of Online Dictionaries: exploits the Web to link many dictionaries together. Also provides links to numerous specialized dictionaries. Recently moved to a new site at YourDictionary.Com Recommended.

OneLook Dictionaries.  Nearly 5 million words and over 700 online dictionaries.  Offers choice of dictionaries, wild card spelling and translations.  Fast and well organized.  Also searches some encyclopedias.  Recommended

Dictionary Net:  Searches several sources including the popular 1913 Webster's.  Good for new, high-tech words.

Online Medical Dictionary Created by Dr. Graham Dark and provided by the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.  No frills definitions of a huge catalog of medical and scientific terms. 

Acronym Finder: searchable index of 60,000 acronyms and their meanings

ArtLex: Dictionary of Visual Art. Over 2,600 terms are indexed, with a pronounciation guide, and illustrations of the medium or technique described. Fast to load. Recommended.

ARTFL's Roget's Thesaurus: Provides a search form for synonyms

ARTFL's 1913 Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

The Glossarist:  A collection of  4577 glossaries of which 679 have been catalogued into 130 categories.

Hypertext Webster's Dictionary Interface: Enter a word and it will return a dictionary entry

WordNet: This is hard to describe. It is an experimental lexical interface that groups words with definitions and synonyms using linguistic theory. It is like a combination of a thesaurus and a dictionary.



Britannica Online: Behind the noisy commercial front lies a lot of solid information. Use the "search" feature to find what you need.

Encyclopedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition A somewhat cumbersome interface and less than ideal reproduction of the text, but a wonderful resource nevertheless.  The classic edition of 1911. 

Encyclopedia Mythica: Searchable directory provides quick, brief descriptions in mythology, folklore and legend.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Symbols more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into groups according to their graphical characteristics.



Family History and Genealogy Internet Education Directory

Genealogy online: The world genealogy website is friendly, informative and comprehensive. Includes links to many national genealogy sites.

US Genealogy Sleuth.  Genealogy links, broadly conceived.  Includes gazetteers, maps, cemetery sites, currency converters, census sites etc. 

International Genealogy Sleuth.  A "twin" to the US site.  Especially strong on Canadian resources.  Another comprehensive set of links.



Ask a Librarian: from the Internet Public Library. Librarians and other experts answer e-mail reference questions

Virtual Reference Desk: Organized by ERIC, this is a gateway to a collection of "Ask a" resources intended primarily for members of the K-12 community, such as "ask a geologist," "ask a scientist," "homework help." Also offers a gateway to the "Dig_Ref" listserv for digital references providers such as librarians.



Hoax Information: maintained by the U.S. Dept. of Energy's Computer Incident Advisory Capability, provides information on real and imaginary computer viruses. Check this site before forwarding virus warnings.

Hoax and virus information from F-Secure, formerly Datafellows. Searchable index.

Spybot: Checks your computer for spyware and removes it.


Ad-Aware: Checks your computer for spyware and removes it.




Bartlett's Familiar Quotations: Provides a search service and a chronological list of authors quoted, as well as text from the original

Simpson's Contemporary Quotations: Homepage is filled with annoying ads, but the quotations are well-organized and interesting. Quotations up to 1988. 

The Bible Browser from the Scholarly Technology Group, provides instructions and access to the Bible Browser, a search and retrieval service.

Quran Browser from the Scholarly Technology Group

Bullfinch's Mythology: Several editions are available on this page.

Calendars:  Type in a date between 1583 and 9999 to retrieve a calendar for that year including days of the week

All You Ever Wanted to Know About Calendars: a set of links to calendar sites

CIA World Facts

Conversion: feet to inches, pounds to kilograms, etc. Does not convert currency from one country to another.

The Universal Currency Converter A commercial product for translating one modern currency into another

Ecola Newsstand: Links to web sites for newspapers and journals printed on paper

FAQ finder: searchable guide to files for Frequently Asked Questions on the Net.

Fast Facts:  Another compilation by librarian Gary Price

"Finding Data on the Internet" by Robert Niles.  List of places to find facts and data on various subjects, primarily from the US Government.  Intended for reporters.

Flying Inkpot: Links to web sites for international news sources, newspapers and news publications. Arranged geographically.

General Reference From the World Wide Web Virtual Library

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names: type in a geographic name and receive a history of the name of that place with variants and a brief description of the cultural importance of that place.

Google News Search Engine

Government Documents: Core Documents of American Democracy, from the Government Printing Office: full text versions of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution etc.  See also Congressional Research Reports provided by Gary Price 

Government Statistics.  See also Price's list of lists below

State and Local Governments on the Net Very handy lists not only of state and local governments in each state in the U.S.A. but also of state government agencies, selected national governmental associations, legislative sessions etc. Recommended

Hoax Information: maintained by the U.S. Dept. of Energy's Computer Incident Advisory Capability, provides information on real and imaginary computer viruses. Check this site before forwarding virus warnings.

Hoax and virus information from F-Secure, formerly Datafellows. Searchable index.

iTools.  General reference site that offers selection of search engines, dictionaries, encyclopedias, people-finders etc.

Information Please: Almanacs on the web. Use this to find a list of American Vice Presidents, great disasters, all sorts of miscellaneous facts on sports, countries, government, entertainment, business etc. offers fast retrieval of maps, search engines, dictionaries, encyclopedias, web translators and people finders on a low-graphics site.

Latin Names of Printing Towns: A searchable index, for those who are having trouble figuring out where "Lugduni Batauorum" was. Has link to glossary of common Latin words on imprints

Price's List of Lists: a database of ranked listings of companies, people and resources freely available on the Internet. lists.  If it might be on a "best 100" or "largest 10" list on the internet, this is the place to look. Originally developed by Gary Price but now maintained by

List of Lists Lists of helpful technical services such as encryption or clipboard tools.  Not for general information

Movie Index: Internet Movie Database: a commercial site, provides a fast search that can be queried by many categories, such as writer, plot, title, character.

Myths and Legends: Site by Christopher Siren offers links to sites from Egypt to Estonia, from Odysseus to Arthur, and includes Polynesia, the Americas, and Asia. Comprehensive and well-organized. Last updated in 2003.

New York Times Newsroom Navigator Intended for new journalists on the NY Times. 

Official Statistics on the Web: Searchable by Country, Region and Topic

Reference Desk from the Michigan Electronic Library.  The only word for this is quirky.  A very long list of all sorts of reference resources, listed one after the other.  Typical entries include  Acronyms, Antiques and Collectibles shops, Camps for Children, Lighthouses,  Nobel Prizes,  Polls, and Trees all listed in alphabetical order.   Fun to browse.

Refdesk A commercial site but packed with helpful miscellaneous information.  Sources are easy to find.  A good place to go for quick facts.

Reference Aids from EZ2Find.  A similar collection to this one (thesauri, dictionaries, world records)

Resource Shelf from the resourceful Gary Price and a team of information specialists who select web-based resources, including databases, lists and rankings, real-time sources, and multimedia for a weekly newsletter.  

 Small Business Help from the Small Business Administration. Large collection of helpful leaflets and checklists

Travel warnings, Y2K notes and Consular Sheets from the U.S. State Dept. Similar information is also available from the UK Foreign and Commonwealth office. Both are helpful for travelers.

Yellow Pages.  Allpages offers listings of businesses, addresses and phone numbers (no links) arranged by location and category.  Listings don't include many museums or non-profits but this is still a useful tool to find, for example, every university in a given city, or a specific hotel phone number without wading through tons of commercial sites.



Substitutes for the late lamented "Scholars Quest reference project" by Francesco Dell'Orso rates five major software products


 Reference Management Software:  A brief article with links from Wikipedia



Joint AHA-OAH Policy Statement on Regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects. States that the American Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians believe that most oral history should be exempt from HHS regulation and institutional review boards.  Not all universities agree.

Human Subject Regulations Decision Charts from the US Department of Health and Human Services provides guidance to the informed consent, permissions, and institutional review needed for human subject research funded by HHS


Sample Release Form for Oral History shared by an NCIS member, David Sonenschein.  This is a sample to help you get started: please consult an attorney if you need legal advice.


Smithsonian Folklore and Oral History Interviewing Guide  The appendix to this guide contains sample releases as well as other helpful forms such as an interview information log and a tape log. 




Babelfish: a well-established service now provided through AltaVista (also available under "tools" in an AltaVista search)

Language Tools from Google. Enter two languages and text or a webpage and it will provide a translation (sort of).

Translation links: from the British BUBL portal

Translators' links: by J. Roque Dias.  These are links FOR translators such as multi-lingual glossaries, dictionaries and technical word lists. Search in English or Portuguese




Brians' Errors: By Paul Brians of Washington State University: alphabetic list of often misused or confused words including a list of "non-errors".  

The Economist Style Guide: A guide for writers for that distinguished journal. Very entertaining and full of pointed examples and helpful advice for all writers. Try the section on "americanisms" and learn why you can't raise smart children in England.

Fowler's Complete English: The classic 1908 text on correct usage

Grammar and Style advice from Jack Lynch at Penn. Arranged alphabetically. A modern American Fowler

Guide to Grammar and Writing [Javascript, Java] A guide to writing at the sentence, paragraph and essay level. Includes an "ask a grammar" feature and a list of entertaining misspellings.

A Research Guide for Students By I. Lee, author of "how to survive the Internet".  Provides links to resources such as footnote guides, a collection of helpful education/information websites arranged by Dewey Decimal order, and advice on web design among other miscellaneous information

Research Resources for Writers: From Writers Write.

Resources for Researchers  from the University of Portsmouth.  Evidently intended for students working on Ph.D. theses and other advanced work. Filled with useful links and highly recommended for every researcher

Resources for Writers from Karen Rex and ComputerEase. 

Strunk, William. 1918. The Elements of Style.

Webgrammar's Writing Center: Provides newsletter with tips and a list of writing aids as well as an idiosyncratic list of resources

Writers Write: Commercial site for writers. Provides lots of writer's market information, links to writer's homepages, writers' links, searchable database of internet writer's guidelines.

Writing, grammar, usage guides from RefDesk




EZ2Find list of Directories, Addresses and Phone numbers

Langenberg offers a quick and easy to use set of people finders

People finders from Windweaver

White Pages: Search for e-mail, telephone, white and yellow pages listings for individuals (replaces

WhoWhere: Another person finder, from Lycos

Yahoo People Search

Zip Code Finder: from the U.S. Postal Service. Enter an address and it will provide the correct zip code.

See also the section for Telephone and E-Mail Directories on the NY Times Newsroom  Navigator